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Prayer

Everything about prayer in The Quran

Everything about prayer in The Quran

Prayer is the dedicated act of directing one’s gratitude, devotion, confession, and request to Allah. Prayer is one of the necessary practices of Muslim life.

The importance of prayer is indicated by its status as one of the five pillars of Sunni Islam and part of the ten practices of Shi’a Islam.

Muslims perform a brief ritualistic prayer (salah or salat), whilst facing the holy city of Mecca. The lifetime commitment to prayer is fulfilled five times a day under prescribed conditions. Performing salah is compulsory for all adult Muslims who have reached puberty and are sound of mind. Those in poor physical or mental health are allowed leniency with regards to prayer and physical posture. Tradition specifies that salah is to be performed five times a day, although the Holy Quran calls for the ritual to be performed three times a day, which are measured according to the solar movement of the sun.

The five prescribed times for prayers are:

Near dawn (fajr).

Just after noon (dhuh).

In the mid-afternoon (asr).

Soon after sunset (maghrib).

and around twilight (isha’a).


Prayers may be shortened or merged and in some serious cases postponed. There are standard prayers (dua), recited for a variety of reasons such as after salah, or just before eating. A person may also say dua in their own words for any matter they seek to communicate with Allah. There is a well-known saying in Islam that ’purity is half the faith’. To achieve the appropriate and approved prayer, Muslims must be in a state of ritual purity; their surroundings and clothing should be clean and unsoiled, and for those menstruating or experiencing after-birth bleeding, salah is forbidden.

For prayer, Muslims are required to cover their bodies in loose-fitting garments, and when praying in public both genders are generally separated to prevent distraction. Salah should be spoken in accurate, well pronounced Arabic. Failing to achieve the correct manner of speaking will nullify the prayer.

The place of worship is the mosque, often referred to by its Arabic name ‘masjid’.

The removal of footwear is required before entering a mosque for prayer and most large mosques have towers where the call to prayer is performed.


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Everything about prayer in The Quran

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