Everything about The Prophet Muhammad in The Quran
The city of Mecca, in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, is the birthplace of the Prophet Muhammad, the last prophet of Islam and originator of the Islamic unified religion.
He could neither read nor write, yet excelled as a trader, philosopher, ambassador, public speaker, law maker, military general, and reformer. However, he is most noted for his position as a spiritual messenger of divine order.
Orphaned at childhood, he was raised by his uncle Abu Talib in good health and married his first wife at age twenty-five. He was a meditative thinker and during his forties chose to reflect in the peace and quiet of the caves of the nearby mountains, where, during the month of Ramadan, he received his first revelation from Allah through a visitation from the angel Jibril (Gabrielle).
He began preaching three years later and gained a small number of followers, coupled with some open hostility from several Meccan tribes. To escape further ill-treatment, he migrated to Medina in the year 622 and successfully united conflicting tribes, increased his followers to ten thousand, and ultimately defeated the Meccan tribes to occupy Mecca.
In 632, after a return journey to Medina from his farewell pilgrimage, Muhammad took ill and passed away. By the time of his death, most of the Arabian Peninsula had converted to Islam. He had victoriously united the tribes into a single Muslim community.
The revelations which Muhammad received until his death shape the verses of the Quran (Qur’an, Quran, Coran, or Al-Quran), universally noted as the perfect book and finest piece of literature in the Arabic Language. The primary source of knowledge about Muhammad is based upon the Quran, with the exception of the hadith (sayings and practices of the Prophet Muhammad).
During his lifetime Muhammad had thirteen wives, mostly to strengthen political alliances. His youngest wife Aisha was known as his favourite wife. She survived him by decades and was active in compiling the Hadith literature in Sunni tradition.
Everyday Muslims all over the world use the salutation which was taught by the Prophet Muhammad. ‘May peace be upon you’, which in Arabic is ‘As-Salamu ‘alaykum’. This phrase is one of the most instantly recognizable greeting gestures in the world.
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