Everything about religious law in The Quran
Islamic law, otherwise known as sharia, is the most widely used religious decree and one of the three most common legal systems of the world, together with common law and civil law.
Sharia law deals with many aspects of daily life including economics, business, politics, banking, contractual transactions, family life, sexuality, social issues, and even hygiene.
The origin of the word ‘sharia’ can be traced to the spoken Arabic noun shari’a, which appears once in the Holy Quran (45: 18).
Sharia law varies from other religious laws because it derives many of its principles from juristic standards and reasoning by evaluation, (like the tradition of common law). Some laws are viewed as divinely appointed and everlasting for all relevant circumstances. These laws were formed by long established Islamic scholarship and are obeyed by most Muslim groups.
In Muslim states, religious texts are law and Sharia is based on the Quran and the religion of Islam. Therefore, Muslims have traditionally viewed Islamic law as essential to life. Sharia is the complete body of Islamic laws that regulate the public and private aspects of Muslim lives.
According to Muslims, sharia law is founded on the teachings of Allah, and on the actions and instructions of the prophet Muhammad as found in the Quran. Sharia consists of four sources that Islamic legal experts refer to.
The first two sources are the Quran and the Sunnah, (the recorded deeds of Prophet Muhammad).
The other two sources are consensus (Ijma) and comparison (Giyas).
Sharia law may be divided into five key sections:
The laws of worship and ceremony (Ibadah); which cover faith in Allah, prayers, fasts, charities and the pilgrimage to Mecca.
The laws of transactions and agreements (Mu'amalat), comprising of all financial transactions, contractual agreements, endowments, inheritance, marriage, divorce, food and drink, childcare, and also penal punishments, warfare and judicial matters.
The laws of Morality and Behaviour (Adab).
The laws of values and beliefs (I'tiqadat).
and last of all, the laws of punishments ('Uqubat).
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